This post first appeared on my Edweek Blog
I have been somewhat disingenuous about my rationale for the transition away from traditional textbooks. In my discussions about the importance of the move I always cite financial savings as the top reason to move away from textbooks. However, after spending a lot of time thinking about moving towards Open Educational Resources (OER) to replace textbooks , I have realized that saving money is not at the top of my list of reasons to move away from these items that have burdened the backs of students and the budgets of school districts for decades.
Don’t get me wrong, I think that the economics involved here need to be discussed. For instance, a new social studies textbook could cost $100 or more. Multiply this times 250 students and you are quickly looking at a price tag of $25,000 for one set of textbooks. What if we spent half, three-quarters, or all of that amount to train and compensate our teachers to create resources to take the place of textbooks? In my opinion, this would give us higher quality resources that we could revise regularly and make them a sustainable resource.
“We now expect successful students to exhibit skills such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, and digital literacy. We know without these skills they won’t be fully prepared for the rigors of college or the day-to-day challenges of a fulfilling career…We have no doubt that the use of openly-licensed educational resources in schools, districts, and states will continue to grow. The question is: how quickly, how thoughtfully, how sustainably, and with how much rigor and support?”
The ball is clearly in the court of states and local districts to answer Director South’s questions on how quickly this initiative will flourish. It is clearly easier to throw money at third-party content developers as we have always done and go about business as usual. However, the continued focus on these types of traditional resources as the major component for instruction across curricular areas is likely to leave our students underwhelmed and underprepared. The road to the adoption of Open Educational Resources is bound to be bumpy, but it is a clear route to the creation of true communities of learners who understand the growth mindset necessary for success in the future.
This post originally appeared on my Edweek Blog
In my previous post, I discussed the importance of schools looking closely at Open Educational Resources (OER). Recently, I have been reading with great interest some posts by Ryan Merkley, the CEO of Creative Commons, which further highlight the significance of schools looking at OER. Merkley’s thoughts on the importance of the community collaborating to build something that can benefit all of us has important connections to the development of OER. There is a clear opportunity before us to work together for equity and access to high quality resources for all of our schools. In addition, Merkley’s words echo some of the key expectations that we should have for students.
“Collaboration, sharing, and co-operation are in our nature — building community, co-operating towards common goods, and creating shared benefits are at the heart of who we are.”
The major stumbling block that I see for schools in achieving this has nothing to do with the technology that we will need to support educators who will choose to do this work. Instead, the major impediment is an outdated notion of what we as educators should be focusing on. In a system where standardized testing is king, educators and their students are left as consumers of standards and resources to support these standards which have been overly influenced by companies whose main focus is the mighty dollar and not building a shared community that puts learning and learners first.
The OER movement provides an opportunity to change this and put the power back in the hands of teachers and students. We need schools who support staff members in becoming creators who not only collaborate with colleagues across classrooms but also across local, state, and national boundaries. By undertaking this work, we will also be supporting our students in modeling the skills and behaviors that they are going to need to be successful in “real life.”
As I read Merkley’s vision for Creative Commons below, I think it would be applied just as well as a focal point for what we would like to see in our schools.
“The Internet is real life. It’s where we go to work. It’s how we connect to the people we love. It’s where we tell our stories. This is the society we’re building together. If it is going to be fair, equal, diverse, vibrant, serendipitous, and safe for everyone, it will only be because we choose to make it that way. If it is going to be accessible, equitable, and full of innovation and opportunity, it will require our leadership to build the foundations that support these ideals.”
I think the adoption of OER in our schools can be a big step on the way to help us achieve this important challenge.
Is this the year we will start to make some headway in the curation and creation of digital content and start to move away from our reliance on pre-packaged materials (aka textbooks)? While I have a lot more questions than answers when it comes to making this transition, there is one thing that I am sure of here. We will make no progress without a detailed plan with clear benchmarks along the way. So, where do we start?
Here are three key issues we need to tackle in order to gain momentum with the move to Open Educational Resources (OER):
- Agree to a common understanding of OER –
When we talk about OER, I think we need to be clear what are intentions are. Are we looking to pay big dollars to have a third-party tool that helps us curate and create resources? Personally, I like the definition of OER stated by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Educational Technology as part of the #GoOpen Initiative is pretty clear – “Openly licensed educational resources are learning materials that can be used for teaching, learning, and assessment without cost. They can be modified and redistributed without violating copyright laws.”
Build capacity of educators (and school communities) –
We need to make sure that our teachers (and stakeholders in our communities) understand the purpose and scope of this initiative. Moving away from pre-packaged content is a significant change for many to grapple with. However, when we break down the reasons for this work in regards to relevance of materials, allowing our educators the flexibility to customize resources on a frequent basis, and economic savings our intentions will be clearer.
On another note, with so many schools pushing 1:1 initiatives, we have the tools in place to make this transition to OER a reality. If we really want to stress the importance of our students being creators and not just consumers of content, we need to create communities of educators who are also creators.
Set clear goals and benchmarks –
Whether it is an entire course, a unit, or a lesson, we need to start this work with the understanding that this is a work in progress. We will not necessarily create perfect products on our first attempt, but the beauty of this process is that we have the ability to revise content in a way that is not currently possible. In a short time we will be in the year 2020. Where would you like to see yourself in 2020? In other words, what is your 2020 Vision? Every district in the country needs to ask themselves this question and work backwards from here.
This post originally appeared on my Edweek Blog
Riding the momentum of last week’s announcement from the United States Department of Education
regarding the appointment of my former colleague Andrew Marcinek as its first-ever open education adviser, I thought it would be a good idea to dedicate this week’s Three-for-Thursday blog post to some Open Educational Resources (OER). After looking at the impressive work done by Williamsfield Community Unified School District (highlighted in the video below), all school leaders should be putting the investigation of OER at the top of their to-do lists and begin preparing to #GoOpen
For starters, I wanted to share the Illinois OER site which was utilized by the Williamsfield School District. This site is full of great resources for schools looking to begin their OER journey.
My third OER share is OER Commons
. OER Commons has a great library of resources with materials for educators from preschool to college. The search page allows users to search by grade level, subject, as well as for materials aligned to Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards.
All of my OER resources are in My Diigo bookmarks tagged as “OER.” If you would like to share some of your favorite web-based resources for a future Three-for-Thursday post, you can do that here.